The if __name__ == "__main__" conditional in python
When a module is imported into a script, the module's code is run when the script is run. This is useful for unit testing
Like, most programming languages, python has special variables. A peculiar special variable in python is the __name__ variable.
When you have a script that can act as both a module and a script, you'd probably need this conditional statement.
One thing about python modules is that if imported, into a script all the code in that module is run when the script is run.
print("I am module.py") def func1(): return "The first function was called" if __name__ == "__main__": print(func1()) # When this module (or script) is run this would be the output I am module.py The first function was called
import module print("I would be printed after 'I am module.py'") # When this script is run, this would be the output I am module.py I would be printed after 'I am module.py' # Note, func1 wasn't called
Now, let's assume we have a script with useful utility functions. We want to be able to test our script and also export it as a module. We would put our unit tests in the conditional
if __name__ == "__main__"
Try this out yourself. Investigate it. Then learn about unit testing in python. Thanks for reading.